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Iran should have nuclear technology because according to its government, it has acquired enough low-enriched uranium that is less than five percent to provide its citizen with nuclear power plant to curb the difficulties of fossil fuels. In addition, Iran is one of the leading nations with nuclear power, and it can boost its trade and economic growth through export to other nations. Nuclear power and other renewable sources of energy are used as substitutes of fossil fuels because in their production and utilization, they have minimum negative influences on human beings, ecology, and environment. Nuclear power in Iran, although surrounded by many controversies, is one of the sustainable sources of energy with minimum air pollution that reduces the great disaster of global warming and produces large quantities of electricity with stable prices.
In 1968, a treaty was signed, known as Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Iran, under the headship of Shah Mohammed Reza, signed the treaty with an objective of strengthening and stabilizing international systems. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as well as the America’s military commander anticipated that the Iranian nuclear program was to build a nuclear weapon and reported its noncompliance to the U.N. Security Council. The Council has asked the Islamic Republic to cease its nuclear programs until an independent evaluator verifies the program, but the Iranian government claims that the nuclear program is entirely peaceful. Tehran overlooked the orders arguing that the sanction did not comply with the law, but it was imposed by the powerful countries and pursued its nuclear program. It is the first nuclear power plant at Bushehr.
Countries, such as Europe, America, and the U.K., have agreed to support Iranian nuclear program if it complies with the U.N. Security Council verification, but they have not yet accepted the inspection and currently, they cannot receiv any aid because their program is unacceptable and sanctioned. Recently, there was a discovery of a secret facility of uranium enrichment in Iran that called for a diplomacy talk involving Iran and other permanent associates of the U.N. Security Council. The International community applied the same treatment as it was in Tehran’s earlier violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty calling to discuss more on the misunderstandings of international laws, which were unfruitful. Many researchers are urging that there should be a new strategic plan in the international system that will assist non-nuclear nations to obtain nuclear source of energy peacefully to eliminate the use of fossil fuels, which lead to the emission of CO2 in the air causing pollution. In addition, Iran just as other nations has the unconditional right to explore nuclear energy although it is experiencing a test of rights with the sanction from the law.
Iran is now facing a challenge of co-operation or confrontation of the treaty although nuclear proliferation cannot be accepted in Iran. According to its Constitution, it is not only ridiculous for NPT to enforce any right to it but it does not also have any legal right thus giving Iran a right to violate the treaty. The main agenda behind Iran nuclearization is religious battles between the Christians and Moslems. As indicated in Article number 151 from the Constitution of the Islamic Republic, “Make ready for them all you can of armed forces and of horses tethered, that thereby you may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them whom you know not” (The Koran,8:60). The Iranian Constitution has declared ample guard against all the Allah enemies a binding precept thus creating more tension on neighboring Christian communities, making it hard for modern society to differentiate the protection methods indicated in the Koran from the nuclear protection.
Despite Iran being a signatory to the treaaty, others do not consider it bona fide because it did not comply with its purpose, but it did not withdraw in order to gain the privilege of being treaty signatories. Assumptions are made that NPT hinders access to bomb, but in reality, chances are available but under the U.N. Security Council monitoring, which allow if there are no combinations with explosives. However, because signatories would use this loophole and later withdrawal from the treaty, in the 90s, the U.S. President Bill Clinton ignored the Iranian signatory and denied them the privilege to any variation of the nuclear energy. A new revolution was to be done in 2003 when Germany, the U.K., and France acknowledged Iranian’s right to use nuclear power in agreement with the accord in spite of the U.S. reservation by then, but it was found that the NPT's monitoring rule had been violated by Tehran. Tehran has continuously ignored the monitoring aspect and built secret nuclear objects using the treaty as a justification; and the more they do it, the more liberal the concession by Europe as well as by the U.S.
If at all, Iran will be under the doctrine of Khomenei, the confidence that the nuclear program is very peaceful is outrageous because this will give room to Tehran to proceed pretending they are reliable. The rejection of this truth would result in an unsafe concession that is leading to an unimaginable calamity. Allowing Iranian to acquire nuclear weapons will pose a great menace for humankind because such a theocratic regime is always carrying a vision of religious war. To resolve the problem, they should fully utilize the U.N. Charter’s seventh chapter that states, “complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations” (Chapter VII). The reason is that for all that period, NPT provisions, military, dialogue, or piecemeal sanction have not shown any progress.
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