Solution focused brief therapy (SFBT) approach treats therapy as a process in which the counselor and the client constructs a reality on what the client wants to achieve in the future other than the problems he or she is facing. In this type of therapy, the counselor uses curiosity to help the client envision his or her preferred future. There are several key indicators that a therapists may note that a family is almost reaching a point of relative success hence the termination of the therapy can be considered. By assessing how the client is responding to the questions, the therapist can conclude on their progress (Kilpatrick, & Holland, 2009). For instance, a therapist may ask the client: what has been better or different since you decided to come here? If the client has a positive response, it means that he or she has accepted to change their future life and they are now focused. The response to the miracle question can tell whether the client is nearing success. For instance, the therapists may ask: suppose when you are asleep, a miracle happens and all your dreams are accomplished, and since you are asleep, you assume it is a dream, when you wake up, what would be the first thing to do?
For an adolescent whose parents have divorced, he or she may be tempted to abuse substance or antisocial behaviors to prevent the memories of the parents from occurring in their minds. Skill training approach may be the best intervention strategy in the family system theory. This approach emphasizes on learning skills in a four step process. The first step is therapist modeling the skill followed by client practicing or role playing the skill. The third step is assigning homework to the client and the last step is obtaining feedback from the client (Franklin, 2001). An adolescent will be able to fight the temptations of antisocial behaviors or substance abuse in this approach.
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